3rd Century BCE
Buddhism is brought to Sri Lanka from India.
3rd Century BCE - 993 CE
Anuradhapura is the capital.
Early Anuradhapura period: 250 BCE - 432 CE.
Late Anuradhapura period: 459 CE - 933 CE.
Late 5th Century CE
Sigiriya is briefly the capital; King Kasyapa I builds palace and garden complex.
993 - 1070 CE
Early Polonnaruva period.
Tamils from the South Indian region of Tamil Nadu occupy Sri Lanka in 993 CE.
Polonnaruva becomes the capital and rule is assumed by the South India Chola dynasty.
Patronage of Buddhism and monastic complexes is supported by Hindu patronage.
1070 - 1236 CE
Later Polonnaruva period:
The South Indian Chola dynasty is defeated by Sri Lankan king Vijayabahu I.
The capital remains at Polonnaruva.
1235 - 1597 CE
Period of Divided States:
1480 - 1815 CE Kandyan Period
1565 - 1597 CE Portuguese establish rule in the Kotte Kingdom near Colombo.
Sri Lankan capital moves to Kandy;
The Kandyan Kingdom remains independent until 1815 CE.
The Dutch replace the Portuguese as rulers of Sri Lankan coastal areas.
1795 - 1796 CE
The British conquer Dutch possessions in coastal area.
1801 - 1802 CE
Coastal Sri Lanka becomes a British crown colony.
The British take control of the Kandyan Kingdom;
All of Sri Lanka becomes a British crown colony.
Sri Lanka attains dominion status within the British Empire.
The British monarch is head of state.
Sri Lanka becomes a republic